New Mexico, NM

New Mexico is the fifth largest state in the United States and, along with Arizona, is the southernmost of the mountain states, those states through which the Rocky Mountains run.  Originally a part of New Spain and later Mexico, New Mexico was acquired by the United States after the Mexican-American War as the New Mexico Territory.  Uninhabited regions of the New Mexico desert were used as test sites for atomic bombs, including the first ever atomic bomb test at the Trinity site.

New Mexico’s primary economic assets are the oil and gas industries.  Federal employment is also a major source of income, primarily through the military bases located in the state.  The main tourist attractions in New Mexico include Native American historical sites and wild-land national parks.

New Mexico’s population is heavily dispersed with the only sizable concentrations found around the cities of Albuquerque and Santa Fe, and in the south.


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